Ramsar Convention

Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, especially as Waterfowl Habitat

This Convention was signed by Parties in Ramsar, Iran, in 1971 to stem the progressive encroachment on and loss of wetlands now and in the future, recognising the fundamental ecological functions of wetlands and their economic, cultural, scientific and recreational value.  
According to provisions, the party countries who have signed the Convention must:

  • Designate at least one national wetland for inclusion in a List of Wetlands of International Importance.
  • Consider their international responsibilities for conservation, management and wise use of migratory stocks of wildfowl.
  • Establish wetland nature reserves, cooperate in the exchange of information and train personnel for wetland management.
  • Convene conferences on the conservation of wetlands and waterfowl as the need arises.